In the present and previous edition, exceptional conditions and characteristics
of the coffee sector in the department of Nariño are presented, benefits that have positioned this product as one of the best special coffees in the world market due to its organoleptic conditions.
The different social organizations that make up this sector, some of which we have been introduced in these editions, have a common denominator: to favor the quality of life of the coffee production primary sector, our peasants.
After several decades of positioning the coffee in world markets, our producer is experiencing the difficulties imposed by the market; very different from what should be happening, the coffee farmers are impoverished.
Apart from the many explanations that can be given to this sector crisis, the truth is that who tills the land, who has to buy the required inputs, who has to endure the inclemencies of climate change, who has to take care of every day their bushes to obtain an acceptable harvest, who has to go into bank debt and extra banking debt, does not receive financially the fruit of his effort.
This reality, under all unjust points of view, generates restlessness, uncertainty and insecurity in the productive sector and particularly, in the peasant families of the
country, who currently lack a dignified quality of life.
This situation, which is extraneous to the peasant sector, leads to the dismantling
of rural and urban areas of our country and the different coffee producing countries in the world, with consequences as serious as the migration from the countryside to the cities, generating circles of misery and possible effects of depopulation of the field. What is going on? The real problem of the agricultural production sector is the
same; within the total chain of agricultural products, the main actor is not included:
The market economy shows who produces, who buys and who sells, we all want and must win, but in an equitable and fair way where there is a system of shared value.
In the case of coffee, where one cup can cost in Denmark US $ 5.33, in Iceland
US $ 5.16, in Qatar US $ 4.97, in Norway US $ 4.94, in Sweden US $ 4.28, in the US $ 4, The Colombian peasant is paid 0.95 cents per pound of coffee produced, when producing it costs between US $ 1.40 and US $ 1.60.
Did you know that one pound of coffee can produce 50 to 70 cups of coffee?
Besides, that Colombian coffee counts, and is it verified by its denomination of origin, as one of the best coffees in the world? That is to say, a pound of coffee can produce a gross income of 600,000 COP, which includes transportation,
insurance, advertising, customs, freight, packaging, among other aspects.
The raw material should guarantee the product a fair price that meets the real
needs of the coffee farmer. A price that allows generating a social and economic dynamic that favors the social fabric of the peasant communities.
While the government has generated different incentives to minimize the crisis,
this requires structural outputs that allow short, medium and long term, root out the great coffee crisis, where there is equal participation in the profits of all components of the chain of the coffee value.
This requires a global agreement to save the field of misery in which it is currently.
Additionally, thinking about a structural solution to the coffee crisis, it requires,
among other aspects:
- To generate a gradual increase in productivity based on applied research.
- To establish an economy of scale that favors the prices of inputs, which are required for the production.
- A better use of the inputs required for the nutrition of crops.
- To promote efficiency in the harvest process.
- To strengthen and innovate in the machinery that is required in the post harvest.
- To establish goals that allow the increase of coffee consumption in Colombia, passing, at least, from 1.8 to 4 kilos per person per year.
- To take advantage of the by-products generated in the industrialization of the grain.
- To strengthen the production of special coffees in Colombia, to boost the commercialization of differentiated products.
- To set a greater integral accompaniment to the producer.
Definitely an exciting topic that continues to build a country. Under no point
of view can we allow the coffee culture to disappear.